Show the Loyal Love of God

The Lord has established David as king and in 2 Samuel 8:15 “David reigned over all of Israel, and he was administering justice and righteousness for all his people”. But he also brings peace and righteousness to the kingdoms around Israel. Now, David remembers his covenant and in 2 Samuel 9:1 Then David said, “Is there still anyone who is left for the house of Saul that I may show loyal love to him for the sake of Jonathan?” and there is one. David restores all of Saul’s lands to Mephibosheth, the crippled son of Jonathan, who had been living by the kindness of, in 2 Samuel 9:4 “Makir the son of Ammiel”. David reaches out in peace to the son of the king of the Ammonites when he takes the throne at his father’s death, but they are caught up in their suspicions and rise up against David. Instead of peace, David must subdue them and their allies again.

Administering Justice and Righteousness

2 Samuel 8:8–18
David subdued all of Israel’s enemies as the Lord said to him in

2 Samuel 7:9 and I have been with you everywhere you went. I have cut off all of your enemies from in front of you, and I will make a great name for you, as the name of the great ones who are on the earth.

and as David defeated Hadadezer and his alliance with Aram they then served him and in

2 Samuel 8:6 David placed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, so Aram became servants of David, bringing tribute. Yahweh protected David everywhere he went.

this brought peace to Israel, but also to others nearby who also brought tribute, not because they were forced to, but because David had freed them from their constant enemy in

2 Samuel 8:10 Toi sent Joram his son to King David to greet him and to congratulate him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him; for Hadadezer had often been at war with Toi. He brought with him objects of silver and objects of gold and objects of bronze.

David not only subdued these foreign enemies but in

2 Samuel 8:15 David reigned over all of Israel, and he was administering justice and righteousness for all his people.

That I May Show the Loyal Love of God

2 Samuel 9:1–13
The hand of the Lord lifts David as a leader of his own people, the children of Israel and as a leader among the nations around him. But now, David remembers his covenant with Jonathan, Saul’s son and he asks in

2 Samuel 9:1 Then David said, “Is there still anyone who is left for the house of Saul that I may show loyal love to him for the sake of Jonathan?”

There was one descendant who had been crippled as a child in 2 Samuel 4:4 but all of his inheritance had been lost and in

2 Samuel 9:4 The king said to him, “Where is he?” And Ziba said to the king, “He is here in the house of Makir the son of Ammiel in Lo Debar.”

Mephibosheth “had been living in relative obscurity in Lo-debar, usually identified with Debir in Gad’s territory (Josh. 13:26), east of Jordan, but close to the southern end of the Sea of Chinnereth (Josh. 13:27) … Machir the son of Ammiel, who had provided a home for the prince of the deposed house of Saul”.1

David calls Mephibosheth to him and restores everything back to him in

2 Samuel 9:7 Then David said to him, “Don’t be afraid, for I will certainly show loyal love to you for the sake of Jonathan your father, and I will restore to you all the lands of Saul your father. And you shall always eat food at my table.”

And David not only restores the land, he also commands Ziba to serve him in

2 Samuel 9:10 You shall till the land for him, you and your sons and your servants; you shall bring in the produce and it shall be food for the son of your master that he may eat. But Mephibosheth the son of your master may always eat food at my table.” (Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty slaves.)

To Spy it Out and to Overthrow

2 Samuel 10:1–5
This became a self-fulfilling word. They got what they were looking for. If they had acted with any trust, or even tested to see Davids intent, they could have avoided this trouble.

They Drew Up a Battle Formation

2 Samuel 10:6–14
When the Ammonites saw that David reacted badly to what they had done to his messengers, they hired soldiers from armies all around in

2 Samuel 10:6 When the Ammonites saw that they had become odious to David, the Ammonites sent word and hired Aram Beth-Rehob and Aram-Zobah, twenty thousand infantry; and they also hired the king of Maacah, a thousand men, and the men of Tob, twelve thousand men.

Aram had been subdued by David earlier in

2 Samuel 8:6 David placed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, so Aram became servants of David, bringing tribute. Yahweh protected David everywhere he went.

So these from Aram were happy to find an ally that would hire them and also might free them from their tribute to David. But these hired soldiers from Aram fled from Joab and the army of Israel in

2 Samuel 10:13 Joab and all the people who were with him moved forward into the battle against Aram, and they fled from before him.

They Were Defeated Before Israel

2 Samuel 10:15–19
After the hired Aramean soldiers fled, in

2 Samuel 10:15 When the Arameans saw that they were defeated before Israel, they gathered themselves together.

Now, they all came to fight against David in

2 Samuel 10:16 Then Hadadezer sent and brought out the Arameans who were beyond the Euphrates, and they came to Helam. Now Shobach, the commander of the army of Hadadezer, was at their head.

But they were all defeated. Again in 2 Samuel 10:18 “Aram fled before Israel” and in

2 Samuel 10:19 When all the kings, the servants of Hadadezer, saw that he had been defeated before Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them, and Aram was afraid to help the Ammonites any longer.

He Saw a Woman

2 Samuel 11:1–9

I Surely Will Not Do This Thing

2 Samuel 11:10–18

Study Verses

Today’s Reading

  • 2 Samuel 8:8-18
  • 2 Samuel 9:1-13
  • 2 Samuel 10:1-19
  • 2 Samuel 11:1-18

References

  • 1. Baldwin, J. G. (1988). 1 and 2 Samuel: An Introduction and Commentary (Vol. 8, p. 242). Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.