David has lived his life as the anointed king over Israel and now recounts his experience. At the anointing in 1 Samuel 16:13 “the Spirit of Yahweh rushed upon David from that day on” and enabled David to rise to the position the Lord intended for him. This came, not because of anything David did, but in 2 Samuel 22:20 “because he delighted in me”. David though had his part and that was to live in righteousness, to humble himself before the Lord. David learned in 2 Samuel 22:26–27 With the loyal, you act as loyal, and with the blameless, you show yourself blameless. 27 With the pure, you show yourself pure, but with the crooked, you appear as a fool. And, David heard the word of the Lord, in 2 Samuel 23:3–4 The God of Israel said to me, the rock of Israel has spoken; ‘He who rules over mankind rules righteously, in the fear of God’. And David understood that it is by doing righteousness we are established by the Lord.
He Delighted in Me
2 Samuel 22:11–20
The Lord comes from his abode, which is above in
2 Samuel 22:14 Yahweh thundered from heaven, and the Most High uttered his voice.
The Lord comes in the demonstration of his power, not only as a show but as a defender in
2 Samuel 22:15 He sent arrows and he scattered them, lightning, and he directed them.
The Lord comes not only as a defender but also as a deliverer in
2 Samuel 22:17–18 He sent from a high position and took me; he drew me from mighty waters. 18 He delivered me from my strong enemies, from those who hate me, for they were mightier than I.
And why would the Lord act on my behalf? Because he wants good for me because he loves me in
2 Samuel 22:20 He brought me out to a spacious place. He delivered me because he delighted in me.
According to the Cleanness of My Hands
2 Samuel 22:21–30
There are many ways that people describe who God is. David gives his experience as he has had a relationship with the Lord in
2 Samuel 22:21 Yahweh rewarded me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands he recompensed me.
and David repeats this statement in
2 Samuel 22:25 Yahweh has recompensed me according to my righteousness, according to my cleanness before his eyes.
So, what is it that David was doing that was “my righteousness, according to my cleanness”? In 2 Samuel 22:22-24 he says, “I have not acted wickedly against my God … I did not turn aside from his statutes … and I kept myself from my iniquity”. If we read about the life of David, he sought the Lord for what to do, he refused to raise his hand against Saul even though Saul sought to kill him. He didn’t always know in himself, the right thing to do but he repented when Nathan the prophet spoke to him and he recognized his sin with Bathsheba. He was saved from the retribution he intended and the bloodguilt that would have followed by the actions of Abigail. He walked away from everything in Jerusalem and put it all in the Lord’s hands when Absalom rose up against him. And there are more examples we could recount, and it is clear, he sometimes was helped to come to the right place with the Lord, but he was not too arrogant to listen and he humbled himself before the Lord and as it says in
2 Samuel 22:28 Humble people you will deliver, but your eyes are on the haughty, whom you bring down.
How have you experienced the Lord? David says that the Lord is a mirror and will reflect who you are in
2 Samuel 22:26–27 With the loyal, you act as loyal, and with the blameless, you show yourself blameless. 27 With the pure, you show yourself pure, but with the crooked, you appear as a fool.
He Has Fully Opened My Way
2 Samuel 22:31–40
He Shows Loyal Love
He Made an Everlasting Covenant for Me
2 Samuel 23:1–7
In David’s last words, he declares the difference between righteousness and evil. Though David was not a prophet, he says these words were spoken to him by the Lord and it is the word of the Lord that he is now speaking in
2 Samuel 23:3–4 The God of Israel said to me, the rock of Israel has spoken; ‘He who rules over mankind rules righteously, in the fear of God. 4 Like the light of the morning when the sun rises, shining with no clouds, bringing vegetation from the earth apart from rain.’
Then David interprets this word, the Lord exalts the righteous and establishes them forever in
2 Samuel 23:5 Yet not so is my house with God, for he made an everlasting covenant for me, arranging everything. He has secured all my deliverance, and all my desire he will cause to happen.
Here, David’s “not so” recognizes that “the beginning of David’s kingdom, was unlike the clear brilliant dawn of an Eastern day but was overcast by many black and threatening clouds … although great crimes and calamities had beclouded his family history … yet it was to him a subject of the highest joy and thankfulness that God will inviolably maintain His covenant with his family, until the advent of his greatest Son, the Messiah, who was the special object of his desire, and the author of his salvation”.1 but the evil cannot be held as we might want to take them by the hand and help or comfort, but they must be dealt with using great strength, “the shaft of a spear” to keep them at a distance until they come to destruction in
2 Samuel 23:6–7 But evil persons are like thorns cast aside; all of them, because they cannot be picked up in the hand. 7 And if a man wants to touch them, he must use an iron instrument or the shaft of a spear; then they are consumed entirely with fire on the spot.”
He Took a Stand in the Middle
2 Samuel 23:8–14
At the Risk of Their Lives
2 Samuel 23:15–23
- 2 Samuel 22:11–20 He Delighted in Me
- 2 Samuel 22:21–30 According to the Cleanness of My Hands
- 2 Samuel 23:1–7 He Made an Everlasting Covenant for Me
- 2 Samuel 22:11-51
- 2 Samuel 23:1-23
- 1. Jamieson, R., Fausset, A. R., & Brown, D. (1997). Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Vol. 1, p. 210). Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.