After the crucifixion of Jesus, there had been some stir about his empty tomb but it was now fifty days later, the day of Pentecost. This was the day that Israel celebrated the firstfruits of the harvest. This was a day when they gathered together in Jerusalem to give thanks to the Lord and it is on this day, that the Lord pours ought the Holy Spirit on the disciples and in Acts 2:2–4 “suddenly a sound like a violent rushing wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting … And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages as the Spirit gave them ability to speak out”. And as a crowd gathered to see what this was, Peter spoke out to them and said in Acts 2:21 And it will be that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved.’ and on this day, the day of celebration of the first fruits, in Acts 2:41 “So those who accepted his message were baptized, and on that day about three thousand souls were added”.
All Were Engaged With One Mind in Prayer
Jesus had told them to wait in Jerusalem until they received the Holy Spirit so, in
Acts 1:12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mountain that is called Olive Grove which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day’s journey away.
The “they”, included all eleven of the ones Jesus had named as Apostles. These were the ones that had been with him and were “witnesses” in Acts 1:22. But there is something different about them already. Jesus has opened their understanding to the scriptures and now in
Acts 1:14 All these were busily engaged with one mind in prayer, together with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus and with his brothers.
and others were together with them as they began to inquire of the Lord who should take the place of Judas.
One of These Must Become A Witness
They Were All Filled With The Holy Spirit
As the apostles and others were gathered, still in Jerusalem, they waited for the next great feast which was “Pentecost … first spoken of in Ex. 23:16 as “the feast of harvest,” and again in Ex. 34:22 as “the day of the firstfruits” (Num. 28:26) … Besides the sacrifices prescribed for the occasion, every one was to bring to the Lord his “tribute of a free-will offering” (Deut. 16:9–11). The purpose of this feast was to commemorate the completion of the grain harvest”1 and as they waited together, it happened in
Acts 2:1–4 And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in the same place. 2 And suddenly a sound like a violent rushing wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 And divided tongues like fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages as the Spirit gave them ability to speak out.
and then something even more amazing happened, all those who had made their pilgrimage to Jerusalem heard these Galilean disciples speaking in their own foreign languages, and they were speaking about “the great deeds of God” in
Acts 2:8–11 And how do we hear, each one of us, in our own native language? 9 Parthians and Medes and Elamites and those residing in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya toward Cyrene, and the Romans who were in town, 11 both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs—we hear them speaking in our own languages the great deeds of God!”
Everyone Who Calls Upon The Name of The Lord Will Be Saved
And now that the Lord has grabbed the attention of everyone around them, Peter steps up to speak. He isn’t fearful anymore, instead, he commands their attention in
Acts 2:14 But Peter, standing with the eleven, raised his voice and declared to them, “Judean men, and all those who live in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and pay attention to my words!”
Then Peter quotes a prophecy that is well known to them from Joel 2:28-32 in
Acts 2:17 ‘And it will be in the last days,’ God says, ‘I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams.
and Peter tells them to call on the Lord and be saved in
Acts 2:21 And it will be that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved.’
but first they need to understand that it is this same Jesus that they had just crucified. It is this same Jesus that has risen in
Acts 2:23–24 this man, delivered up by the determined plan and foreknowledge of God, you executed by nailing to a cross through the hand of lawless men. 24 God raised him up, having brought to an end the pains of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it.
- Acts 1:12–19 All Were Engaged With One Mind in Prayer
- Acts 2:1–13 They Were All Filled With The Holy Spirit
- Acts 2:14–24 Everyone Who Calls Upon The Name of The Lord Will Be Saved
- Acts 1:12-26
- Acts 2:1-24
- 1. Easton, M. G. (1893). In Easton’s Bible dictionary. New York: Harper & Brothers.