Be Attentive To All That I Said

The children of Israel had been “in the hands of the Philistines forty years” in Judges 13:1 and the angel of the Lord comes to a woman that was infertile to raise up a deliverer. The angel tells her in Judges 13:4–5 “So then, be careful and do not drink wine or strong drink, and do not eat anything unclean, 5 because you will conceive and bear a son. No razor will touch his head, because the boy will be a Nazirite of God from birth. And it is he who will begin to deliver Israel from the hand of the Philistines.” God begins before conception preparing this man Manoah and his wife for what is ahead. Samson is born and grows to have great strength and he is a Nazirite as the angel said, but is deceived by the Philistine wife he has chosen. She manipulates him as she herself is coerced by Philistine men and then given by her father to another man. Samson burns their grain and vineyards and olive trees and they burn his wife and her father. Samson goes into hiding and the Philistines come to find him. The men of Judah cower and deliver Samson bound to the Philistines but “the Spirit of Yahweh” come on Samson and he kills one thousand of them. Israel has peace for twenty years in Judges 15:20. 

Be Attentive To All That I Said

Judges 13:9–16
Manoah and his wife lived in a time where there had been few priests and few prophets in the land so people had little real understanding about God or angels. His wife had a visitation and said to him “A man of God came to me, and his appearance was like the appearance of an angel of God, very awesome” in Judges 13:6. In response, Manoah did pray to the Lord (and not to the angel) which was correct. But his prayer was, “let the man of God whom you sent again come to us” in Judges 13:8. Manoah was not prepared for an encounter with an angelic being. Later on he addresses the angel correctly as “the angel of Yahweh” in Judges 13:16, but here he calls him a man in

Judges 13:11 So Manoah got up and went after his wife, and he came to the man and said to him, “Are you the man that spoke to the woman?” And he said, “I am.”

Manoah doesn’t question whether his wife will have a child and doesn’t question the child being a Nazirite but he does request more information about the “manner of life and work” in Judges 13:12. We understand a father asking about the kind of work his some might do, but this phrase, “manner of life” doesn’t quite convey the meaning of the word “(mišpāṭ). n. masc. justice, judgment. Containing a nuance of righteous living, generally refers to all aspects of administering justice, including making laws, enforcing laws, and decisions regarding the merit of cases.”1 which here is Manoah asking about the kind of influence his son will have. The angel only repeats what he has already said Judges 13:4-5 because the boy is not just a Nazirite from birth, but from conception. So the angel now also cautions Manoah that his wife should “be attentive” in

Judges 13:13–14 And the angel of Yahweh said to Manoah, “Let the woman be attentive to all that I said. 14 She should not eat of anything that comes from the vine, or drink wine or strong drink, or eat anything unclean; she should keep all that I commanded.”


What Is Your Name

Judges 13:17–25
Manoah asks the angels name in Judges 13:17 but it isn’t given. Then, “Manoah asks if he might entertain the angel, and the messenger promises to wait until an offering is made to God. Manoah asks the messenger’s name; the angel replies that his name is completely beyond human comprehension. Finally the offering is made and miraculously consumed by a fire from heaven; Manoah realizes that he has dealt with God himself.”2 so Manoah responds in

Judges 13:22 And Manoah said to his wife, “We will certainly die because we have seen God.”

his wife though understands the goodness of God and in

Judges 13:23 But his wife said to him, “If Yahweh wanted to kill us he would not have taken from our hand the burnt offering and the grain offering, or shown us all these things, or now announced to us things such as these.”

I Saw A Woman

Judges 14:1–10

We Will Burn You And Your Father’s House

Judges 14:11–20

I Gave Her to Your Companion

Judges 15:1–10
As Samson becomes a man, he has amazing strength but the Philistines coerce his wife to gain an advantage over him. Then her father gives her to another and Samson burns the grain and vineyards and olive groves in

Judges 15:5 He set fire to the torches and let the foxes go into the standing grain of the Philistines, and he burned both the stacks of sheaves and the standing grain, up to the vineyards of olive groves.

then went into hiding, but the Philistines came to find him. In their search, the Philistines came and in

Judges 15:9 Then the Philistines came up and encamped in Judah, and they overran Lehi.


What Is This You Have Done To Us

Judges 15:11–20
Rather than stand against the Philistines to throw off their oppression, the men of Judah join together and find Samson in

Judges 15:11 Then three thousand men from Judah went down to the cleft of the rock of Etam, and they said to Samson, “Do you not know that the Philistines are ruling over us? What is this that you have done to us?” And he said to them, “Just as they did to me, so I have done to them.”

but the men of Judah just want to give the Philistines what they want, Samson. And after they agree not to kill him, Samson goes with them in Judges 15:14 but when the Philistines saw Samson, they came shouting in

Judges 15:14 As he came up to Lehi, the Philistines came shouting to meet him; and the Spirit of Yahweh rushed on him, and the ropes that were on his arms became like flax that has burned with fire, and his bindings melted from his hands.

and as “the Spirit of Yahweh rushed on him” Samson killed a thousand of them in

Judges 15:15 And he found a fresh jawbone of a donkey; he reached down and took it and killed one thousand men with it.

and because of his action, in

Judges 15:20 And he judged Israel in the days of the Philistines twenty years.

Entice Him And Find Out How We Can Overpower Him

Judges 16:1–9

He Confided Everything

Judges 16:10–17

Study Verses

Today’s Reading

  • Judges 13:9-25
  • Judges 14:1-20
  • Judges 15:1-20
  • Judges 16:1-17


  • 1. Garrett, J. K. (2014). Justice. D. Mangum, D. R. Brown, R. Klippenstein, & R. Hurst (Eds.), Lexham Theological Wordbook. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.
  • 2. Bowling, A. C. (1995). Judges. In Evangelical Commentary on the Bible (Vol. 3, p. 171). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.